RAMADAN: A Festival of Purification
According to official Islamic bodies, the crescent moon has been soon be sighted, marking the beginning of the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Lasting 29 or 30 days – the end date will be revealed through another official lunar sighting in the last week of the month – Muslims are to refrain from food and liquid (including chewing gum, smoking cigarettes and the like) from dawn to sunset, and instead renew their focus on prayers and increase their recitation of the Holy Quran.
The fasting month of Ramadan culminates in the celebration of Eid al-Fitr, which is one of the main Muslim holidays. On Eid al-Fitr, Muslims are encouraged to be especially generous and forgiving. Muslims fast from dawn to dusk during Ramadan, refraining from eating, drinking, smoking, and indulging in anything that is in excess or ill-natured.
Iran has declared Friday, August 9, as Eid al-Fitr since the moon crescent which marks the beginning of the new month could not be sighted in the country by Thursday.
Under the Islamic law, the old month’s end is declared only after the new moon crescent is sighted.
Muslims believe it was in Ramadan when the first verses of the Holy Qur’an were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
According to official Islamic bodies, the crescent moon has been sighted, marking the beginning of the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Lasting 29 or 30 days – the end date will be revealed through another official lunar sighting in the last week of the month – Muslims are to refrain from food and liquid (including chewing gum, smoking cigarettes and the like) from dawn to sunset, and instead renew their focus on prayers and increase their recitation of the Holy Quran.
Why it’s so special
It is the month in which the Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed. As a result, Ramadan is also known as the month to recite the holy text even more eagerly and with renewed dedication to completing the task. Muslims are encouraged to complete the full recitation of the Holy Quran at least once during the month. With an average of 600 pages, this seemingly huge task can be achieved through the recitation of four pages before each of the five prayers daily throughout the entire month.
It is one of Islam’s five main pillars (the others being the belief in one God and the Prophet Mohammed as His Messenger, praying five times a day, completing the pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able and giving charity or “zakat”). It is mandatory for all Muslims upon reaching puberty, as long as they are mentally and physically sound. The elderly and chronically ill are exempt from fasting; however, it is incumbent upon them to feed the poor instead if they possess the financial means.
A spiritual detox
The fast is not simply about denying your body food and water. It also involves arguably the more taxing challenge of avoiding ill speech, arguments, loss of temper and malicious behaviour. The whole point of the fast is to demonstrate submission to God and keep the mind focused on a spiritual plane.
Patience and mercy, which, let’s face it, we all need more of in these harried times. Ramadan is viewed as a month-long school where graduates leave with a developed sense of self-control in areas including diet, sleeping and the use of time.
The fasting day is book-ended by two meals: suhoor and iftar. The former is the early morning meal consumed before fasting begins at dawn, while the latter is to break the fast at sunset. If breakfast is viewed as an important meal, a healthy suhoor is even more vital as it is meant to last you up to 15 hours – as is the case this summer in the UAE – before breaking bread again. Slow digesting foods like barley, wheats, oats and lentils are recommended and limiting fatty and sugary products would be wise. There is a propensity to binge eat at sunset, but a balanced, moderate meal would really make all the difference, considering that the evenings are spent engaging in special nightly prayers. It is also recommended to break the fast with dates, as was the practice of the Prophet Mohammed, before moving on to other dishes.
Ramadan is also defined by extra congregational prayers performed nightly after the evening isha prayers, which are normally the last prayers of the evening. Such an occasion presents a rarity in the UAE: a city devoid of the normal onslaught of evening traffic for the duration of Ramadan. For those living near a mosque, expect your neighbourhood to be a hive of activity for the whole month.
The finish line
Ramadan culminates with the three-day Eid Al Fitr holiday celebrating the end of the fast. Marked by a special morning prayer, the day is a form of spiritual graduation and a chance to permanently implement the spiritual lessons learnt throughout the month. Muslims dress in their best and visit friends and relatives as a sense of community prevails.
Original Article written by Saeed Saeed.
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NEW PRESIDENT CELEBRATES EID, The End of Ramadan
Iran’s newly elected centrist President Hassan Rouhani has expressed his felicitations to the heads of state and people of Muslim countries on the auspicious occasion of Eid al-Fitr.
In a Thursday message, President Rouhani expressed hope that friendship bonds among all Muslims would be further strengthened on the basis of Islamic teachings, spirituality, moderation, wisdom and the establishment of lasting peace and security.
He wished the leaders and nations of all Muslim countries wellbeing, prosperity and success.
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Editors note: Original World offers tours to Iran in Spring and Fall.